Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a chemical compound with the formula (CH3)2SO. It was first synthesized in 1866 by the Russian scientist Alexander Zaytsev, who reported his findings in a German chemistry journal in 1867. This colorless liquid is an important polar aprotic solvent that dissolves both polar and nonpolar compounds and is miscible in a wide range of organic solvents as well as water.
1. What is the purpose of dimethyl sulfoxide?
Ans - Since the 1960s, humans have utilised dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as a pharmacological agent and a medicinal treatment. DMSO is mostly utilised today to treat interstitial cystitis, cryopreserve stem cells, and deliver other medications.
2. DMSO is a what kind of solvent?
Ans - As a polar organic solvent, DMSO can dissolve a variety of medicines, including those that are both moderately polar and non-polar. Conversely, water only dissolves polar medicines like adenosine 3 -phosphate. Another polar solvent that appears to dissolve polar pharmaceuticals is ZIL.
3. Can DMSO and water be combined?
Ans - DMSO and water mixtures are frequently employed as solvents in organic chemistry, the chemical industry, cryoprotection, and biology. (1) Due to these compounds complete miscibility, a wide range of desired qualities can be obtained by adjusting the mixture's composition.
4. What are DMSOs natural sources?
Ans - Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) is a substance with numerous uses. It is a byproduct of the paper milling industry and an extensively used solvent, for example in medicinal applications. It also naturally exists in a variety of fruits and vegetables, including raspberries.